Single-Molecule Conductance

  • Author: ChemViews
  • Published Date: 26 May 2011
  • Source / Publisher: Angewandte Chemie International Edition/Wiley-VCH
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
thumbnail image: Single-Molecule Conductance

Understanding how electrons are transported through single molecules, particularly π-stacked molecules, has important implications for molecular electronics and polymer and materials science. Electron transport through the initial building blocks of π-stacked systems has never been directly examined despite the many experimental artifacts attributed to these small interactions.

Makoto Fujita and co-workers, University of Tokyo, Japan, have measured the conductance of π-stacked aromatics where the π stack was sequentially increased from four to six stacked aromatic molecules. They were able to show that electron transfer occurs through the π-stacked system and could precisely calibrate the electron-transport distance for the first time. Only a moderate loss of conductance with increasing transport length was seen.

This could lead to the development of molecular wires where π-stacked aromatics provide the pathways for electron transport.

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Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies) published by Wiley-VCH