Can Corpses Really be Dissolved in Hydrofluoric Acid? – Part of The Chemistry of Breaking Bad

  • Author: Falk Harnisch, Tunga Salthammer
  • Published Date: 30 October 2013
  • Source / Publisher: Chemie in Unserer Zeit/Wiley-VCH
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Can Corpses Really be Dissolved in Hydrofluoric Acid?

An aqueous solution of gaseous hydrofluoric acid only forms a weak acid with a pKa value of 3.19. Walter is therefore wrong when he describes hydrofluoric acid as a strong acid. It is correct, however, that it has the ability to attack silicon-based compounds, such as glass and ceramics.

SiO2 + 4 HF → SiF4 + 2 H2O

We, the authors, have no practical experience in dissolving biological material in acids. However, the method described in Breaking Bad would seem to require some improvement. Firstly, an oxidizing acid seems more suitable for destroying organic tissue. The separation process for ascertaining the metals contained in biological materials employs nitrous acid (HNO3) [14]. The addition of hydrochloric acid or hydrofluoric acid is recommended to deal with especially resistant matrices. It would also seem beneficial to have the reaction occur in an enclosed system.

In summary, we would buy a suitably-sized robust polyethylene (PE) barrel from the hardware store with a lockable lid, put the body inside, pour in 15 to 20 L of 65 % HNO3, add a few hundred grams of calcium fluoride (CaF2), lock the barrel shut, and allow the chemistry to take its course. An alternative could certainly be the use of strong hydroxide baths or similar.

We would welcome contributions to the discussion of this topic.


[14] J. Angerer, M. Fleischer, G. Machata, W. Pilz, K. H. Schaller, H. Seiler, M. Stoeppler, H. Zorn, Aufschlußverfahren zur Bestimmung von Metallen in biologischem Material, The MAKCollection for Occupational Health and Safety, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2002.

Article Views: 35550

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from, please contact us first for permission and consult our permission guidance prior to making your request

Follow on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on YouTube Follow on LinkedIn Follow on Instagram RSS Sign up for newsletters

Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies) published by Wiley-VCH