100 Years of Industrial Chemistry

  • Author: ChemViews Magazine
  • Published Date: 12 December 2014
  • Source / Publisher: Chemie Ingenieur Technik/Wiley-VCH
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
thumbnail image: 100 Years of Industrial Chemistry

In the December issue of Chemie Ingenieur Technik specialists from around the world who are committed to Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry pay tribute to the 100th anniversary of this famous reference work. In their review articles, they focus on topics ranging from biochemical engineering, technical heterogeneous catalysis, stirring technology and membrane reactors to lithiated hydrides in energy storage and conversion, environmental microbiology and renewable, carbon-based raw materials for the production of chemicals in fuels.

Roland Ulber and colleagues, for example, start with a journey through the history of biotechnology and bioprocess engineering from the first Ullmann articles up to the current state of research. They introduce the innovative potential of biotechnology by looking at current refinery concepts, biofilm and microreactor technology, and synthetic biology.

Kurt Wagemann, as another example, discusses how the production of basic chemicals on basis of renewable resources is an alternative to petrochemical based production processes. For selected chemicals he compares existing production processes based on petrochemicals with sustainable alternatives. He concludes that some common assertions are untrue. These include: "If the price of oil rises, bio-based products have better chances of success.", "Cheap shale gas is of significant competitive advantage for the US chemical industry.", and "Consumers are willing to pay a premium for bio-based products.".

Alvin Nienow discusses single- and multiphase stirred tank reactors and their development over the last century. Since stirred-tank reactors are used in many areas of the process industry, the understanding of the underlying physical interactions is of great importance. An important tool, especially in terms of scaling up from laboratory scale to production plant, is computational fluid dynamics.

Article Views: 4509

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from ChemistryViews.org, please contact us first for permission and consult our permission guidance prior to making your request

Follow on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on YouTube Follow on LinkedIn Follow on Instagram RSS Sign up for newsletters

Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies) published by Wiley-VCH