The Elusive Green LED

  • Author: ChemistryViews
  • Published: 28 April 2011
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  • Source / Publisher: Applied Physics Letters/American Institute of Physics
thumbnail image: The Elusive Green LED

Computer monitors and televisions produce their pictures by using red, blue and green light. Powerful and inexpensive red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) already exist, but creating a green LED with sufficient output is proving challenging.

Christian Wetzel and co-workers, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York, USA, have etched a nanoscale pattern at the interface between the base of the LED and the layer of gallium nitride that gives the LED its green color. They did this by growing GaInN/GaN quantum well LED wafers on the c-plane sapphire base by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy. The etching technique produced LEDs which showed triple the light output over un-etched LEDs.

The new technique also enhances light extraction, internal efficiency, and represents a simple and cheap way toward green LEDs that are as powerful as their red or blue counterparts.

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