Hard-to-Deactivate Catalysts for Removing Nitrogen Oxides

  • Author: ChemistryViews.org
  • Published: 19 October 2019
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  • Source / Publisher: Advanced Materials/Wiley-VCH
thumbnail image: Hard-to-Deactivate Catalysts for Removing Nitrogen Oxides

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are a major source of air pollution. These pollutants stem from the combustion of fossil fuels. Removing them is particularly challenging in the steel, cement, and glass industries, where the exhaust gases have comparatively low temperatures. The catalysts commonly used for NOx removal are deactivated by residual SO2 in the exhaust at these temperatures.


Hangsheng Yang, Yunhao Lu, Yong Wang, and colleagues, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, have developed a MnOx/CeO2 nanorod catalyst (pictured) with outstanding resistance to SO2 deactivation. The team designed the catalyst based on information obtained from in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments under the reaction conditions and from theoretical calculations. The catalyst consists of MnOx clusters loaded on the surface of CeO2 nanorods and was synthesized by dropping a solution of Mn(CH3COO)24H2O onto a CeO2 nanorod powder, followed by calcination.


The catalysts show almost no activity loss: The apparent NOx reaction rate was unchanged at 1800 µmol g−1 h−1 for 1000 h at 523 K in the presence of 200 ppm SO2. According to the researchers, this is achieved by establishing a dynamic equilibrium between sulfate formation and decomposition over the CeO2 surface during the reactions and simultaneously protecting the MnOx cluster from the steric hindrance induced by SO2. This minimizes the deactivation of active catalytic sites.


 

Article Views: 601

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

Bookmark and Share

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from ChemistryViews.org, please contact us first for permission. more


CONNECT:

ChemistryViews.org on Facebook

ChemistryViews.org on Twitter ChemistryViews.org on YouTube ChemistryViews.org on LinkedIn Sign up for our free newsletter


A product of ChemPubSoc Europe (16 European Chemical Societies)and Wiley-VCH