Environmental Considerations of Roof-integrated Solar Cells

  • Author: ChemistryViews
  • Published: 23 April 2012
  • Copyright: WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
thumbnail image: Environmental Considerations of Roof-integrated Solar Cells

The market share of thin-film solar cells is increasing. Several thin-film solar cell types have been the subject of environmental life cycle assessment (LCA). However, no LCA has been presented yet of a variety of environmental impacts of a flexible solar cell laminate with thin-film tandem solar cells composed of a top layer of amorphous silicon (a-Si) and a bottom layer of nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si).

N. J. Mohr, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands, and colleagues present a LCA for this type of thin-film solar cell incorporated in a laminate, as developed by the Dutch company Helianthos. The schematic structure of the encapsulated a-Si/nc-Si solar cell is pictured.

The cells are considered to have 10 % conversion efficiency, their expected service life is 20 years. The production scale considered is 100 MWp/a.

The construction for roof integration, the silicon deposition, and etching are found to be the largest contributors to the primary energy demand of the a-Si/nc-Si PV system, whereas encapsulation and the construction for roof integration are the largest contributors to its impact on climate change.

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Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies) published by Wiley-VCH