Tender, Loving Care for Aromatic Amines

  • Author: David Bradley
  • Published: 06 July 2010
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  • Source / Publisher: Anal. Methods/RSC
thumbnail image: Tender, Loving Care for Aromatic Amines

Thin-layer chromatography, known affectionately as TLC, can detect primary amines with electron donors using cinnamaldehyde as a reagent on a TLC plate.

Nanomolar detection of aromatic primary amines, used in drug, pesticide, and polymer synthesis, is possible using a TLC plate coated with inexpensive and non-toxic cinnamaldehyde. Colorless amines produce an almost instantaneous yellow spot with a detection limit between 0.02 and 0.28 µg. The test distinguishes between primary amines with an electron donor and those with an electron acceptor which do not cause a color change. Secondary and tertiary amines also give a negative result. The test is a viable alternative to mass spectrometry and chromatography for these important compounds.

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Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies)published by Wiley-VCH