Metathesis Catalyst Inhibition

  • ChemPubSoc Europe Logo
  • Author: ChemViews
  • Published Date: 19 December 2015
  • Source / Publisher: ChemCatChem/Wiley-VCH
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
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Catalyst deactivation is a problem of particular importance for industrial-scale processes, where catalyst loads are typically low and small amounts of inhibitors can be a significant issue. Olefin metathesis reactions catalyzed by ruthenium complexes suffer particularly from catalyst decomposition and deactivation.


Renat Kadyrov, Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany, has investigated the ring-closing metathesis (RCM) of N,N-diallyl-tosylamide and allyl-N-10-undecenenoyl-l-proline using low concentrations of ruthenium catalyst. The results showed that the desired reaction product can undergo double-bond isomerization under the reaction conditions, and the isomerized product can act as a catalyst inhibitor.


This was proven by artificially adding the isomerization product to the reaction mixture, which decreased catalyst activity drastically. The species trap the catalyst in an inactive Fischer-type carbene complex. These results could help in the planning of successful strategies for syntheses involving metathesis reactions that avoid catalyst inactivation.


 

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