Convergent Dendrimer Synthesis

Convergent Dendrimer Synthesis

Author: ChemViews

Due to the highly branched globular structure of dendrimers, they are attractive scaffolds for a wide variety of high-end applications, such as liquid crystals, solar cells, sensors, gene-transfection agents, drug-delivery systems, coating agents, and additives in commodity plastics.

Peter Eilbracht and co-workers, Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany, have reported a convergent synthesis of polynitrile and/or polyamine dendrimers: Individual dendrons were formed by repetitive coupling reactions (Michael-type additions). These were then attached to different polyfunctionalized cores (e.g., polyamine, polyhalide, or polyolefin cores) to provide the desired globular architecture. This final step was achieved by hydroaminomethylation, a tandem hydroformylation/reductive amination sequence.

This approach allows greater flexibility in the functionality of the dendrons and should allow synthesis of higher generation dendrimers than previous methods.

Images: (c) Wiley-VCH

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