Hydroboration with Copper Catalyst

Hydroboration with Copper Catalyst

Author: ChemViews

Hydroboration of unsaturated carbon–carbon bonds is a valuable synthetic method for the preparation of organoborane intermediates. Most hydroborations are performed with rhodium, however, a copper(I) complex has been found to be an effective catalyst for asymmetric hydroboration with pinacolborane, by Jin Yong Lee, Jaesook Yun, and co-workers, Sungkyunkwan University, Korea. The catalyst worked with β-substituted styrene derivatives and afforded benzylic pinacolboronate esters with excellent regio- and enantioselectivities (up to >99 %).

Experimental and theoretical studies were conducted to probe the reaction mechanism; cis addition of Cu–H and stereoretentive transmetalation via σ-bond metathesis was proposed based on a deuterium labeling study. Vinylarene substrates with a substituent at the β-position are challenging to hydroborate and this Cu catalyst provides an excellent alternative to more expensive asymmetric rhodium catalysts.

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