New Path to Acylsilanes

New Path to Acylsilanes

Author: European Journal of Organic Chemistry

Acylsilanes are a useful compound class in organic chemistry with versatile reactivity. Commonly, acylsilanes are synthesized either by the umpolung of an aldehyde and a subsequent nucleophilic substitution at a silyl halide or by the nucleophilic attack of a silyl anion on a carbonyl compound.

Peter Metz and colleagues, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany, have developed an alternative method for the preparation of acylsilanes. The team cleaved 1,2-dihydroxysilanes with sodium periodate (NaIO4) as an oxidant to give bifunctional acylsilanes (pictured). The required substrates can be synthesized from ketones via conversion to tosylhydrazones, followed by a Shapiro reaction to give a vinylsilane, and a final cis-dihydroxylation to give the desired 1,2-dihydroxysilanes.

The reaction proceeds under mild conditions and gives good to excellent yields of the desired acylsilanes. In some cases, the products can be easily obtained in high purity after a simple aqueous workup. The team also tested a single acyclic 1,2-dihydroxysilane substrate, which was readily cleaved, as well.


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