Emil Fischer's 160th Birthday

  • ChemPubSoc Europe Logo
  • Author: ChemViews
  • Published Date: 09 October 2012
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
thumbnail image: Emil Fischer's 160th Birthday

Hermann Emil Fischer, Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry, was born on October 9, 1852, near Cologne, Germany. He enrolled at the University of Bonn, Germany, to study chemistry, but wished to study physics so joined the newly established University of Strasbourg, France, shortly after.

Here, Fischer met Adolf von Baeyer, under whose influence he finally decided to pursue chemistry. Under von Baeyer, Fischer worked on the phthalein dyes and wrote his Ph.D. thesis on fluoresceine and orcin-phthalein. He was appointed assistant instructor at Strasbourg University and here he discovered the first hydrazine base, phenylhydrazine and demonstrated its relationship to hydrazobenzene. In 1875, Fischer moved with his supervisor to the University of Munich, Germany, where he qualified as a Privatdozent and was appointed Associate Professor. He was promoted to full professor in 1881 and held positions at the universities of Erlangen, Würzburg, and Berlin, all Germany.


In addition to his work on the hydrazine dyes, he provided the first detailed understanding of caffeine and theobromine, principle ingredients in cocoa, coffee, and tea. In 1888, he showed the chemical relation between glucose, fructose and mannose, and developed the Fischer projection for drawing carbohydrates. He also synthesized the first barbiturate, barbituric acid, allowing the development of affordable sedatives for insomnia and anxiety.

In 1902, Fischer was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on sugar and purine syntheses. The Emil Fischer Memorial Medal was instituted by the German Chemical Society (GDCh) after his death in 1919.


See also:

Article Views: 5640

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

Bookmark and Share

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from ChemistryViews.org, please contact us first for permission. more


CONNECT:

ChemistryViews.org on Facebook

ChemistryViews.org on Twitter ChemistryViews.org on YouTube ChemistryViews.org on LinkedIn Sign up for our free newsletter


A product of ChemPubSoc Europe (16 European Chemical Societies)and Wiley-VCH