Sodium: The Alternative Battery

Sodium: The Alternative Battery

Author: Anne Deveson

Owing to their low cost and the infinite sodium resources available, the use of sodium-ion batteries that can function at room temperature with long-lifetimes has recently become of interest for large-scale stationary energy storage. Shu-Lei Chou and co-workers at the University of Wollongong, Australia, have found that an expanded MoS2/graphene (MoS2/G) composite, which can be prepared by a simple hydrothermal method, functions very well as the anode material in both sodium-ion batteries and sodium-ion pseudocapacitors.

An electrode made from the MoS2/G composite is capable of delivering a high capacity of approximately 400 mAh g–1 over 200 cycles. Both ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) investigations and the low initial Coulombic efficiency that was measured confirm that the MoS2 and Na undergo an irreversible intercalation reaction during the first charge, followed by a highly reversible conversion reaction. The conversion reaction, with typical high capacity and voltage hysteresis, can be applied in advanced electrochemical capacitive storage systems.

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