Nitroarenes as Amino Sources for Amide Synthesis

  • Author: ChemistryViews.org
  • Published: 08 March 2019
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  • Source / Publisher: Organic Letters/ACS Publications
  • Associated Societies: American Chemical Society (ACS), USA
thumbnail image: Nitroarenes as Amino Sources for Amide Synthesis

Amides are key components of many biologically active compounds and some materials. Usually, they are synthesized from amines or anilines using amidation reactions. The anilines used for these processes are often made from nitroarenes. Thus, directly using nitroarenes in amidation reactions would be a more step-economic alternative.


Meiming Luo, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China, Xiaoming Zeng, Sichuan University and Xi’an Jiaotong University, China, and colleagues have developed a protocol for the reductive amidation of esters with nitroarenes. The team used CrCl3 as a precatalyst, 4,4'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine (dtbpy) as a ligand, magnesium as a reductant, and chlorotrimethylsilane (TMSCl) as an additive. The esters were converted to the corresponding amides (pictured) in good yields.


The elemental magnesium and the chromium-based catalyst activate the acyl C–O bond of the ester via a single-electron reduction. Mg is also used to reduce the nitroarene. The reduced intermediates react with the activated acyl group to give the desired amides. Both the substrates and the precatalyst are inexpensive and the reaction is step-economic.


 

Article Views: 388

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

Bookmark and Share

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from ChemistryViews.org, please contact us first for permission. more


CONNECT:

ChemistryViews.org on Facebook

ChemistryViews.org on Twitter ChemistryViews.org on YouTube ChemistryViews.org on LinkedIn Sign up for our free newsletter


A product of ChemPubSoc Europe (16 European Chemical Societies)and Wiley-VCH