Planar Möbius-Aromatic Metallaborocycles

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  • Published: 17 February 2020
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
  • Source / Publisher: Journal of the American Chemical Society/ACS Publications
  • Associated Societies: American Chemical Society (ACS), USA
thumbnail image: Planar Möbius-Aromatic Metallaborocycles

Möbius aromaticity is a special type of aromaticity that usually exists in twisted organic molecules that resemble a Möbius strip. The rules for the number of electrons in their π-system are the opposite of "normal" Hückel aromatics: Systems with 4n π-electrons are aromatic, while those with 4n+2 π-electrons are anti-aromatic (with n being a positive integer).

The twist in the molecules causes a phase change in its p-orbitals, which allows for the Möbius aromaticity. Thus, there usually are no planar Möbius-aromatic systems. However, if the molecule contains a transition-metal atom, the phase change can be induced by a d-orbital without any twist in the structure. This makes Möbius aromaticity possible in a planar ring.

Lai-Sheng Wang, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA, and colleagues have observed the first planar monocyclic metallaboron system with Möbius aromaticity, ReB4 (pictured). The team ablated a target made of Re, B, and Ag as a binder with a laser to synthesize the desired compound. They used a high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy setup to characterize the products.

The researchers found two rhenium-boride clusters: ReB3, which has a pyramidal structure, and ReB4, which has a planar pentagonal structure with four π-electrons. Calculations of the chemical shifts confirm the Möbius-aromatic properties of ReB4. According to the team, the results indicate that there could be a new class of Möbius-aromatic metallaborons with other metals.



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