New Type of Carbene Ligand

  • Author: David Bradley
  • Published: 22 June 2011
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
  • Source / Publisher: Nature Chemistry/Nature Publishing Group
thumbnail image: New Type of Carbene Ligand

N-heterocyclic carbenes are well known, but their analogs where the carbon is swapped for nitrogen to form a nitrenium ligand were unknown. Researchers have now filled the gap among main-group analogs of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) by replacing the carbon with an isoelectronic nitrogen cation to form a nitrenium.

This novel entity acts as a ligand for transition metals forming strong bonds with the metal as confirmed by unambiguous X-ray crystallography and solution studies with selective nitrogen-15-labeling. Additional experiments and computational analysis demonstrates that these novel ligands are poor sigma-donor but a good π-donor.

The team is now making more examples and investigating the ligand complexes as catalysts.

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