Concise Total Synthesis of Daphenylline

Concise Total Synthesis of Daphenylline

Author: ChemistryViews

Evergreen plants from the genus Daphniphyllum have been used in traditional Chinese herbal medicines. The plants contain a large variety of triterpenoid alkaloids with polycyclic architectures and potentially useful biological activities. Daphenylline (pictured), for example, has an interesting, synthetically challenging structure.

Hai-Hua Lu, Zhejiang University, Westlake University, and Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, all Hangzhou, China, and colleagues have developed a concise asymmetric synthesis of daphenylline based on a dearomatization strategy, starting from arene building blocks. The team first prepared an ester-tethered β-naphthol, which was converted to a highly congested benzofused cyclohexenone via an oxidative dearomatization. After this key dearomatization reaction, the synthesis of daphenylline was completed via steps that include a Mukaiyama–Michael reaction and a tandem reductive amination/amidation double cyclization reaction.

The synthesis is concise and protecting-group-free. According to the researchers, the developed dearomatization strategy and other transformations used in the synthesis could also be useful for the preparation of other natural products.


 

 

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