Concentrating on Explosives

  • Author: David Bradley
  • Published: 28 July 2012
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
  • Source / Publisher: Analytical Chemistry/ACS Publications
thumbnail image: Concentrating on Explosives

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, USA, and their colleagues have developed a new explosive detection device based on a selective zeolite membrane supported on porous stainless steel and alpha-alumina. UV treatment at low temperature removes organic residues during preparation leaving behind a membrane that can absorb trinitrotoluene (TNT, pictured) and other explosive vapors.

The team suggests that bundles of membrane fibres could be used as a preconcentrator and attached to a standard explosive detector thus lowering the threshold at which the instrument can detect explosives to below parts-per-billion concentrations.

Such a device could be critical in forensic analysis tying evidence to a suspect even if only traces of explosive are present. The team has shown that a preconcentration of 1000 times is possible with a TNT surrogate 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene and suggests that this should be possible with TNT in a real-world analysis.

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