Electricity From Biofluid

Electricity From Biofluid

Author: ChemistryViews

The most abundant energy source for nanodevices for in vivo biomedical sensing is chemical and biochemical energy from biofluids containing glucose. Harnessing this energy could lead to self-powered devices for a range of applications.

Jing Zhu and co-workers, Tsinghua University, P. R. China, have used a single proton conductive polymer nanowire (NW) to convert chemical energy from biofluids into electricity, by using glucose oxidase and laccase as catalysts.

The NW was a Nafion®/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) composite of typical diameter of 200–800 nm. The enzymes were immobilized at either end of the NW. When placed in contact with a biofluid, glucose was electrooxidized to gluconolactone at the anode and dissolved O2 was electroreduced to water at the cathode.

A single NW could generate an output power of 0.5–3 μW, which is sufficient to drive pH, glucose or photon sensors.

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