Reduced Ski Friction

  • Author: Nancy McGuire
  • Published: 13 May 2016
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
  • Source / Publisher: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces/ACS Publications
  • Associated Societies: American Chemical Society (ACS), USA
thumbnail image: Reduced Ski Friction

Champion skiers win or lose by hundredths of a second, so anything that reduces friction is of potential interest. Sebastian Rohm, University of Innsbruck, Austria, and colleagues found that different snow temperatures require different grinding processes to minimize ski friction.


The researchers tested full-sized wooden cross-country skis with sintered ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene on the bottom surfaces. They roughened the polymer base using a ski grinder, waxed the skis, and measured the effects of various groove widths and temperatures on the friction between ski and snow.


Ski surfaces with wide grooves and narrow plateaus reduced friction better on snow close to the melting point, when there is a lubricating film of water. Surfaces with narrow grooves and wide plateaus reduced friction better at colder temperatures, where solid-solid interactions predominate. The researchers speculate that the polymer and wax coatings on the wider plateaus might deform less as a result of solid-solid contact than the coatings on the smaller, sharper surfaces. At all temperatures, more meltwater is generated at higher velocities, which helps to offset the correspondingly higher friction.


According to the team, further research on the topic will focus on the systematic variation of surface textures for different snow conditions by improving ski preparation processes.



Also of Interest

 

Article Views: 2029

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from ChemistryViews.org, please contact us first for permission. more

Follow on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on YouTube Follow on LinkedIn Follow on Instagram RSS Sign up for newsletters

Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies) published by Wiley-VCH