Innovative Learning and Teaching Practices

  • Author: ChemistryViews
  • Published Date: 27 February 2014
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New Innovative Learning and Teaching Practices in Chemistry

New information technologies are revolutionizing the way we access information and therefore the way we learn. In fact, education is going through a major transformation. As the number of people attending Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) skyrockets; the number of students who will never set foot on campus grows as a consequence. This is comprehensively transforming students´ learning experience, as well as their interaction with their peers and with educators.


High quality online education content alone is not enough. New developments involve building new learning experiences, an area where chemistry has a lot to benefit. New visualization technologies greatly facilitate the comprehension of complicated concepts, a better understanding of molecular structures, and an easy grasp of the relationship between structure and properties, just to cite a few examples. But there are much more than cool screens and better user-computer interaction gadgets.
Online learning communities are a powerful and effective way to connect people with similar interests, willing to share content and experiences and more importantly to learn together on something they feel passionate about. Indeed technology in general, and online learning communities in particular, have a key role in the future of blended learning.


However, technology is only a tool, and research on the best practices in chemistry education is of paramount importance to turn the fashionable into the effective.

Professor Javier García-Martínez, University of Alicante, Spain






Who


What


Examples

Professor Peter G. Mahaffy, Edmonton, Canada

Interactive Simulations and other Visualizations

Interactive applets developed at the King’s Centre for Visualization in Science (KCVS), The King's University College, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, allow learners to visualize the molecular world of chemistry and to playfully understand chemical connections.

These visualizations build bridges between the learning that happens for students through classroom lectures and their individual study outside of class. They support innovative teaching and learning, and help students engage deeply with chemistry content. These interactive visualizations also bridge chemistry and sustainability; facts and the evidence that supports those facts; theory and application; and the molecular, symbolic and macroscopic levels.
Successful bridging requires careful attention to the learning needs and conceptual understanding of students, and to the design and implementation of interactive visualizations to meet those needs.

Learning platform explainingclimatechange.com

An example is a set of resources that visualizes the fundamental science underlying our climate. The user is able to play around with different parameters to experience impacts and learn to ask good questions about the underlying science.

Professor Robert Belford, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, AR, USA

Cheminformatics OnLine College Courses (OLCCs)

These are online intercollegiate courses in cheminformatics and chemical information sciences. They have been sponsored by the ACS CHED Committee on Computers in Chemical Education since 1996. Through the use of online guest lecturers they allow colleges to offer courses that they may not normally have the faculty expertise to offer. A course content management system allows instructors to tag material (Teaching and Learning Objects), and leverage the social semantic web concept of a folksonomy to allow customization of content for individual classes, even when the lecturers are concurrently presenting to multiple institutions.
Presentation of this at: http://youtu.be/dSOmbBsmbJY

Professor Jan Apotheker,
IDO/Science LinX, Groningen, The Netherlands

StudioVO

StudioVO consists of various online modules where students learn chemistry content on the basis of short texts, videos, multiple choice tests, or by giving advice to a nearby chemical plant on how to make a particular product greener.
Examples: Equilibrium, Green Chemistry, Eat Healthily.











Who

What

Example

Professor Ilka Parchmann, University of Kiel, Germany

SFB Project 677
Function by Switching

The main goal and research question of this outreach project is how results and approaches of modern research can be used to stimulate and foster science education. The project applies the Model of Educational Reconstruction [1, 2] to design learning environments. The constructed tools, such as hands-on experiments, computer-based data analyses, podcasts, or applications, are implemented into different learning environments like the student lab "klick!", an exhibition, and teacher training programs. Learning processes as well as students´ expectations are investigated before and after the visit of the student laboratory.
References
[1] R. Duit, H. Gropengießer, U. Kattmann, M. Komorek, I. Parchmann, in Science Education Research and Practice in Europe: Retrospective and Prospective D. Jorde, J. Dillon (Eds.), Sense Publisher, Rotterdam, 2012.
[2] S. Schwarzer, J. Rudnik, I. Parchmann, Chemkon 2013, 20 (4), 175 – 181. DOI: 10.1002/ckon.201310206

Professor Marcy Towns, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Student-centered classrooms

Experiments at Purdue University showed that more student-centered pedagogical techniques and more engaging content results in students spending much more time during class engaged in problem-solving to scaffold their learning.
Teaching assistants and the professor circulated the room to answer student questions and to provide feedback. An electronic response system was used to monitor student understanding. Laboratories were revised to contextualize them in ways which were more relevant to this set of students. Outcomes were a higher percentage of students receiving good marks and student evaluations were overwhelmingly positive. The project was recognized with university teaching awards.



Also of interest:

Peter Mahaffy

Interview: Where Chemical Education is Heading: Interview with Peter Mahaffy,
Vera Köster,
ChemViews Mag., 6 November 2012.
DOI: 10.1002/chemv.201200109

Javier Garcia-Martinez

Interview: Javier García-Martínez on the Commercialization of Research,
Vera Köster,
ChemViews Mag., 4 December 2012.
DOI: 10.1002/chemv.201200143

Peter Atkins

Video: P. Atkins on Visualizing Chemistry,
ChemViews Mag., 8 September 2011.




Article Information

DOI: 10.1002/chemv.201400012

Article Views: 13475

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1 Comments

Jack Horvath wrote:

Laboratory and hands-on learning of techniques

This is great for replacing the lectures about the theories of chemistry, but laboratory learning by doing experiments will still be necessary at the university campuses, won't it?

Mon Apr 14 14:40:12 UTC 2014

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