Large Rings Cyclized by Cu

Large Rings Cyclized by Cu

Author: ChemViews

David Spring and co-workers, University of Cambridge, UK, have described the synthesis of rare nitrogen-linked seven-, eight- and nine-membered biaryl ring systems. The team uses an activated intramolecular copper species to facilitate (aryl)–N bond formation, closing the acyclic precursor.

An excellent yield (91 %) of eight-membered N-linked biaryl was obtained by use of a combination of copper(I) iodide, Cs2CO3, and ethylene glycol which acted both as solvent and ligand. No evidence of competing intermolecular couplings was seen, despite the relatively high concentrations employed. A range of electron donating and withdrawing substituents on the aniline-based ring portion were tolerated, leading to a broad substrate scope.

The process is technically simple, and uses cheap starting materials with mild conditions to give biologically valuable products that are difficult to synthesize by other methods.

Images: (c) Wiley-VCH

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