Correct Answer: Growing Vegetables in Permanent Ice

Correct Answer: Growing Vegetables in Permanent Ice

Author: ChemViews Magazine

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The first greenhouse in the Antarctic was designed by the Polar Research Institute of China and the Shanghai Dushi Engineering Co., Ltd. It allows the crew of the Chinese Great Wall Station on King George island in Antarctica to grow tomatoes, cucumbers, bell peppers, lettice, and herbs. It uses a special plexiglas, PLEXIGLAS Alltop, which allows 91 % light transmission and good insulation, is UV transparent and very stable, and shows no visible yellowing for more than 30 years.

An international team of researchers is testing a greenhouse which will supply the crew of the German Neumayer III Antarctic station operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) with fresh fruit and vegetables by the end of 2017. In this high-tech greenhouse, a water-cooled LED system, in which each LED can be individually controlled via a computer, will allow to adjust the lightning for each plant species individually. 


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