n-Type Organic Semiconductors

n-Type Organic Semiconductors

Author: Angewandte Chemie International Edition

Organic semiconductors are very important as materials for various optoelectronic devices. However, the development of n-type (electron-transporting) organic semiconductors lags far behind that of p-type (hole-transporting) organic semiconductors.

Chuandong Dou, Jun Liu, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sicences, and colleagues have developed a way to use boron-nitrogen coordination bonds (B←N) to design n-type organic semiconductors. The researchers synthesized a new kind of n-type acene, namely two azaacenes containing B←N units (pictured). These B←N-containing azaacenes have low-lying LUMO (lowest unoccupied molecular orbital) energy levels and n-type character.

Solution-processed organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) based on one such azaacene displayed unipolar n-type characteristics with an electron mobility of 0.21 cm2 V–1 s–1. In addition, the B←N units significantly perturbed the electronic structures of azaacenes, resulting in unique LUMOs delocalized on the acene skeletons and a decreased aromaticity of the B←N-adjacent rings. According to the scientists, this research not only provides a new strategy to develop n-type organic semiconductors, but also deepens our understanding of the effects of B←N units on π-conjugated systems.


 

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