Synthesis of Thioamides via a Three-Component Reaction

Synthesis of Thioamides via a Three-Component Reaction


Thioamides are found, e.g., in pharmaceutically active compounds. They can also be useful in the synthesis of sulfur-containing heterocycles. Existing methods for the preparation of thioamides often require harsh conditions, long reaction times, and/or toxic reagents. Elemental sulfur could be an environmentally friendly reagent for the synthesis of thoamides. However, sulfur can poison metal-based catalysts, and known metal-free approaches have limited substrate scopes.

Shaodong Zhou, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, Xin Ge, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China, and colleagues have developed a transition-metal-free method for the one-pot synthesis of thioamides via a three-component reaction involving chlorohydrocarbons, amides, and elemental sulfur (pictured). The team reacted a variety of alkyl or aryl chlorides with amides such as N,N-dimethylformamide, N-methylformamide, N-formylmorpholine, or N-formylpiperidine in the presence of elemental sulfur and NaOH. The reactions were performed under an air atmosphere at 100 °C.

Both alkyl and aryl thioamides were obtained in moderate to good yields with a good functional group tolerance. The strategy avoids residual transition metal in the product and does not require additional oxidants.



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