New Biprivileged Molecular Scaffolds

New Biprivileged Molecular Scaffolds

Author: Theresa Kueckmann

Privileged structures in drugs comprise rigid 3D arrangements of functional groups, allowing them to interact effectively with target biomolecules, such as enzymes and receptors. A group of researchers led by Chung-Ming Sun of National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan, has synthesized molecular scaffolds that each present two such privileged structures.

Starting from commercially available 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid and 2-chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, the researchers prepared a 1-benzimidazolyl-2-indolyl-3-nitrobenzene derivative. This compound served as the common starting material for a variety of indolo-fused benzodiazepinyl and quinoxalinyl benzimidazoles, which were constructed by Pictet–Spengler-type heterocyclization with a variety of ketones and aldehydes.

Single-crystal analysis indicated that these scaffolds can present various substituents with distinct three-dimensional orientations, which is a promising feature for the development of new pharmaceuticals. Future screening against diverse biological targets as well as structure–activity studies should reveal the potential of this family of compounds.

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