First Borosulfate K5[B(SO4)4]

First Borosulfate K5[B(SO4)4]

Author: ChemViews

Henning Höppe, together with a team from the University of Augsburg and Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Germany, created potassium borosulfate, K5[B(SO4)4], by heating potassium sulfate with boric and sulfuric acids. It is the first example of a borosulfate (pictured; B brown, O red, S yellow).

K5[B(SO4)4] crystallizes in a new structure type in the chiral space group P41. The crystal structure of K5[B(SO4)4] comprises novel, large non-condensed anions [B(SO4)4]5 in which a central borate tetrahedron shares all four corners with neighboring sulfate tetrahedra. These central boron atoms adopt an only slightly distorted body-centered packing with the apices of the borate tetrahedra pointing more or less directly along the c axis, resulting in a polar crystal structure. The potassium atoms are situated in the voids of the resulting structure (pictured).

The compound was investigated by X-ray diffraction, vibrational spectroscopy, and calculations.

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