To date, there have been 34 designs for the official Olympic torch using materials ranging from the more common aluminium alloys or stainless steel, to silver-, copper-, and nickel-plated designs and torches made from varnished metals, wood, plastics and even glass. Early torches burnt olive oil or gunpowder.
- Vom Feuerstock zur Alu-Fackel,
FAZ July 21, 2012.
- London 2012: Will the Olympic torch survive a British summer?
BBC News April 19, 2012.
- The Olympic Torch Relay Facts & Figures,
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Also of Interest
- What Makes a Candle Flame?
The different reaction zones of a candle flame and its heat and mass transfer pathways
- Chemistry of the Christmas Candle — Part 1
When we light a candle, the chemistry we are pursuing is not only especially beautiful, but also especially complex