Cs+ Ion Removal

  • ChemPubSoc Europe Logo
  • Author: Jonathan Faiz
  • Published Date: 11 July 2014
  • Source / Publisher: Angewandte Chemie Interantional Edition/Wiley-VCH
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
thumbnail image: Cs<sup>+</sup> Ion Removal

137Cs is extremely dangerous as it has a high fission yield of 6.09 % and a half-life of 30.17 years, and its salts are highly water-soluble. 137Cs+ ions must also be effectively removed from nuclear waste in reprocessing plants, however, this task is difficult as the 137Cs+ ion concentration is lower than other cations present.

Kyung Byung Yoon and co-workers, Sogang Unversity, Seoul, South Korea, have developed a porous vanadosilicate material that contains both V4+ and V5+ ions. This material is a better Cs+ remover than the current leader in the field, which is a protonated crystalline silicotitanate. The new vanadate material forms a hexadeca-coordinated complex with the Cs+ ions, which is the largest coordination number reported to date for any metal center. The complex also contains extremely strong Cs+−O bonds.

The researchers carried out a series of test experiments for the removal of Cs+ ions from groundwater, seawater, and highly basic nuclear waste and confirmed that their new material is superior to at least five other existing materials.

The hexadeca-coordinated complex with the Cs+ ions is the largest coordination number reported to date for any metal center.

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