Low-Cost, Nontoxic White LEDs

Low-Cost, Nontoxic White LEDs

Author: Veronika Belusa

White-light-emitting diodes (W-LEDs) are of great interest to the industry because of their long lifetime and low electricity consumption. The most practical way of building W-LEDs is to integrate blue LED chips with yellow phosphors. However, this involves rare-earth raw materials, which makes the process expensive.

Haibo Zeng, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, China, and colleagues have developed luminescent carbon LEDs as a low-cost and environmentally friendly alternative. They synthesized intercrossed carbon nanorings (IC-CNRs) in a one-step hydrothermal method. These have relatively pure hydroxyl surface states which makes it possible to overcome aggregation-induced quenching (AIQ) effects and to emit scarce stable yellow-orange luminescence in both colloidal and solid states. The luminescence is attributed to the transition from the LUMO and nearby states to the HOMO.

These low-temperature synthesized and toxic ion-free IC-CNRs can be used as solid phosphors on blue LED chips.


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