Dual Aromaticity in Both the Ground and the Excited State

Dual Aromaticity in Both the Ground and the Excited State

Author: ChemistryViews.org

Cyclic compounds with conjugated bonds (such as benzene) are usually aromatic only in the ground state or only in their first excited state. Molecules with so-called adaptive aromaticity, which are aromatic in both of these electronic states, are very rare.

Jun Zhu and colleagues, Xiamen University, China, have found the first example of a compound that has a triplet ground state and shows dual aromaticity in both the lowest triplet and the lowest singlet state: an osmapyridinium with phosphonium substituents (pictured, [Os] = OsCl2(PH3)2). The team performed density functional theory (DFT) calculations of 96 different osmapyridine and osmapyridinium compounds. For the compounds calculated to have a planar structure, the researchers evaluated the aromaticity based on the proposed structure, calculated electronic properties, and heats of hydrogenation.

The team found one compound with adaptive aromaticity and a triplet ground state (pictured) and one compound with adaptive aromaticity and a singlet ground state, which is similar in structure, but has no phosphonium substituent. According to the researchers, such compounds could be useful in photochemistry and molecular magnetism applications.


 

 

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