New Type of Scorpionate Ligand

New Type of Scorpionate Ligand


Scorpionate ligands are three-dentate ligands such as tris(pyrazolyl)hydroborates or tris(pyrazolyl)methanes. They usually coordinate to metals in a fac manner, i.e., at three adjacent positions. The ligands can be further functionalized by including a coordinating atom at the boron or carbon backbone.

Frank Breher and colleagues, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, have synthesized a new type of scorpionate ligands, phosphine-functionalized tris(pyrazolyl)methane derivatives (pictured). The team reacted freshly prepared lithium tris(pyrazolyl)methanide with R2PCl (R = Ph, n-Bu, or i-Pr) to obtain the desired products.

The researchers prepared Rh, Ru, Pd, and Cu complexes with the prepared ligands and found that they can provide flexible coordination, with mixed N,P-heterochelate complexes, N,N,P-heteroscorpionate complexes, or purely P-coordinated complexes as products. The team also obtained a heterobimetallic complex containing palladium and copper, in which one tris(pyrazolyl)methyl phosphine ligand binds two metals.


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