Room-Temperature Synthesis of Fluoranthenes

Room-Temperature Synthesis of Fluoranthenes

Author: ChemistryViews

Fluoranthene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that consists of a benzene and a naphthalene unit that are fused to form a central five-membered ring. Fluoranthene groups are found, e.g., in natural products or used in fluorescent materials. Existing synthetic paths to fluoranthene derivatives often require harsh conditions and/or have limited substrate scopes.

Yuki Nagashima, Ken Tanaka, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, and colleagues have developed a method for the room-temperature synthesis of substituted fluoranthenes and azafluoranthenes (general reaction for fluoranthenes pictured). The team’s strategy is based on a [2 + 2 + 2] cycloaddition of 1,8-dialkynylnaphthalenes and alkynes. They used [Rh(cod)2]BF4 (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) as the catalyst and H8-BINAP as a ligand to react 1,8-dialkynylnaphthalenes with alkynes, methyl cyanoformate, or isocyanates at room temperature.

The desired fluoranthenes and azafluoranthenes were obtained in good yields. The team used both internal and terminal alkynes. Diphenyl-substituted diynes and diarylacetylenes were found to be particularly well-suited substrates. According to the researchers, the method could be useful for the synthesis of extended π-conjugated molecules.


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