Sugar Chemistry

thumbnail image: Sugar Chemistry

We all love sugar, but what is it chemically and since when do we know sugar? For our ancestors, the hunter-gatherers, sweet meant many calories. It was not until about 1850 that sugar became affordable and increasingly widespread.

Until the use of high-fructose corn syrup and artificial sweeteners, there was no real alternative to sugar. Honey was too expensive due to the complex extraction process.

 

Sugar chemistryviews advent calendar

 

sugar chemistryviews advent calendar

 

Brown sugar gets its color from molasses. It is either an unrefined or partially refined sugar consisting of sugar crystals with a certain residual molasses content (natural brown sugar), or it is produced by adding molasses to completely refined white sugar (commercial brown sugar). In the latter case, it is easier to control the ratio of molasses to sugar crystals, and the production is cheaper. Sugar cane molasses is most commonly used because the flavor is generally preferred to beet sugar molasses.

Corn syrup is a cheap source of sugar. It is industrially produced by converting corn starch into sugars such as maltose, fructose, and glucose.

 

sugar chemistryviews advent calendar

 

 

References


Also of Interest

 

 



 

Article Views: 1722

Sign in Area

Please sign in below

Additional Sign In options

Please note that to comment on an article you must be registered and logged in.
Registration is for free, you may already be registered to receive, e.g., the newsletter. When you register on this website, please ensure you view our terms and conditions. All comments are subject to moderation.

Article Comments - To add a comment please sign in

If you would like to reuse any content, in print or online, from ChemistryViews.org, please contact us first for permission. more

Follow on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on YouTube Follow on LinkedIn Follow on Instagram RSS Sign up for newsletters

Magazine of Chemistry Europe (16 European Chemical Societies) published by Wiley-VCH