75th Guess the Chemist

  • ChemPubSoc Europe Logo
  • DOI: 10.1002/chemv.201800013
  • Author: ChemViews Magazine
  • Published Date: 06 March 2018
  • Copyright: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
thumbnail image: 75th Guess the Chemist

ChemViews Magazine has just published the 75th Guess the Chemist. Since 2011, the quiz has covered many eminent scientists who have made important discoveries for chemical research, significant inventions for everyday life, or both.


A closer look at the names behind many scientific discoveries can show the amazing things chemists and chemistry can do. Read about the interesting life stories of famous chemists and try to solve the newest question (Guess the Chemist 75).


To celebrate the 75th installment of the quiz, you have the chance to win one of three power banks if your answer is correct. The closing date is March 10, 2018.


Prize draw rules and regulations

 


1

Robert Boyle

Discovered Boyle’s law, which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas


2

Agnes Pockels

Pioneered research in the field of surface tension and the measurement of surface films


3

Louis de Broglie

Proposed the theory of the wave-particle duality of matter


4

Louis Pasteur

Invented pasteurization, which conserves food by killing pathogens


5

Herbert C. Brown

Introduced hydroborations to organic chemistry and co-discovered sodium borohydride


6

Max von Laue

Discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals


7

Archer John Porter Martin

Invented partition chromatography together with Richard Synge


8

Blaise Pascal

Made important contributions to probability theory and the understanding of the equilibrium of fluids


9

Joji Sakurai

Was the first chemistry professor at Tokyo University and helped found the Japanese research institute RIKEN


10

Tetsuo Nozoe

Worked on the isolation of natural products and collected over 4000 signatures from famous scientists


11

Alfred Nobel

Invented dynamite and established the Nobel Prize in his will


12

Ellen Swallow Richards

Was the first woman admitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and an environmental chemist


13

Theodore William Richards

Determined the exact atomic weights of many chemical elements


14

Anders Gustav Ekeberg

Discovered the transition metal tantalum


15

Kurt Zosel

Patented the use of supercritical fluid extraction in the decaffeination of coffee


16

Zefram Cochrane

Invents the fictional faster-than-light "warp drive" in the Star Trek universe


17

Nicolas-Louis Vauquelin

Discovered chromium and beryllium


18

Erik Christian Clemmensen

Invented the Clemmensen reduction, which converts carbonyls to methylene groups


19

Mildred Cohn

Made important contributions to the understanding of enzymatic reactions


20

Friedrich Heinrich August Klatte

Received the first patent for polyvinyl chloride (PVC)


21

Ryoji Noyori

Developed chirally catalyzed hydrogenation reactions using ruthenium–BINAP complexes


22

Sir Christopher Kelk Ingold

Performed pioneering work on reaction mechanisms and coined terms such as nucleophilic and electrophilic


23

Albert Hofmann

Discovered the psychopharmacological effects of LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)


24

Friedrich Bergius

Developed the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal


25

Fritz Haber

Co-invented the Haber-Bosch process for the synthesis of ammonia (see also Guess the Chemist (40))


26

Leo Hendrik Baekeland

Invented bakelite, one of the first synthetic plastics


27

James Mason Crafts

Co-developed the Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation reactions, which can functionalize aromatic rings


28

Michel Eugène Chevreul

Studied fatty acids and improved soap and candle production


29

Sir Joseph Wilson Swan

Was one of the inventors of the incandescent light bulb


30

Walther Nernst

Is best known for the Nernst equation, which gives the potential of a half-cell in electrochemistry


31

Dorothy Hodgkin

Pioneered the study of biomolecules by X-ray crystallography


32

Linus Pauling

Elucidated the quantum mechanical nature of the chemical bond


33

Jean-Marie Lehn

Made important contributions to the inception of supramolecular chemistry


34

Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen

Discovered critical details of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism


35

Hans von Euler-Chelpin

Explained the enzymatic fermentation of sugar


36

William M. Burton

Developed the first commercially successful thermal cracking method for producing gasoline


37

Friedrich August Kekulé

Assigned the cyclic structure to benzene


38

Martin Kamen

Confirmed the existence of the carbon isotope 14C, which is used in radiocarbon dating


39

Maxwell Simpson

Performed the first synthesis of succinic acid


40

Carl Bosch

Co-invented the Haber-Bosch process for the synthesis of ammonia (see also Guess the Chemist (25))


41

Clara Immerwahr

Was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in chemistry in Germany and an activist for women's rights


42

Emil Knoevenagel

Developed the Knoevenagel condensation, a modified aldol condensation


43

Albert Ghiorso

Co-discovered 12 chemical elements


44

Paul Ehrlich

Made seminal contributions to immunology and developed treatments for syphilis and diphtheria


45

Hermann Staudinger

Is considered the "father of polymer chemistry" and discovered the first ketene


46

Robert Burns Woodward

Co-discovered the Woodward-Hoffmann rules, which predict the barrier heights of pericyclic reactions


47

Henry Taube

Made seminal contributions to the understanding of electron exchange and ligand exchange in complexes


48

Glenn T. Seaborg

Co-discovered ten transuranium elements


49

Antonio de Ulloa

Is credited with the first scientific description of platinum


50

Moses Gomberg

Discovered the first stable free radical


51

Christian B. Anfinsen

Discovered important aspects of protein folding


52

Pehr Victor Edman

Invented a breakthrough method for sequencing proteins


53

Adolph Frank

Recognized the potential of potash for fertilizer production


54

Francis Crick

Co-discovered the double helix structure of DNA


55

Sir William Ramsay

Discovered multiple noble gases


56

Charles Frédéric Gerhardt

Developed the concept of homologous series


57

William Lash Miller

Was the leading proponent of Gibbs' thermodynamics in North America


58

Samuel Eyde

Co-developed the Birkeland–Eyde process for the fixation of nitrogen


59

Peter Debye

Performed important investigations on dipole moments and on X-ray diffraction


60

Alfred Werner

Developed the concept of the coordination number


61

Johan August Arfwedson

Discovered lithium


62

Herbert A. Hauptman

Laid the mathematical groundwork for solving crystal structures


 63

John Kendrew

Discovered the structure of myoglobin


64

Ines Mandl

Discovered collagenase


65

August Wilhelm von Hofmann

Made important contributions to organic chemistry


66

Daniel Vorländer

Was a liquid crystal pioneer


67

Richard Kuhn

Carried out groundbreaking work on the structures of vitamins


68

Johan Gadolin

Discovered the first rare-earth compounds


69

Sir John Cornforth

Explained the biosynthesis of cholesterol


70

Rodney R. Porter

Discovered the structure of antibodies


71

Elmer McCollum

Discovered the first vitamins


72

William Allen Miller

Was a pioneer of spectral analysis and astrochemistry


73

Søren Sørensen

Developed the concept of the pH scale


74

Hertha Sponer

Co-developed the Birge–Sponer method


75

Guess the Chemist (75)

The scientist we are looking for this time discovered several important chemical compounds. You can guess who it is until March 10, 2018.


 

 

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